(Last Updated On: March 22, 2023)
A silhouette photo can make one of the most beautiful pictures. Silhouette pictures are great because they give the picture a sense of mystery and leave a part of the image up to the observer’s imagination. I especially like silhouette pictures taken of a person or people that is a dark subject in the background, with a stunning natural light background such as a sunrise or sunset. But other objects with strong shapes can also be the main subject in the foreground such as mountain ranges, animals, and trees.
In simplest terms, to take a silhouette photograph you need to put the subject that you want to be blacked out in front of a bright light source. The subject will be intentionally underexposed while making sure your camera is taking the light reading and setting the exposure from the brightest part of your picture (usually the background). This is best done in manual mode, rather than auto mode. Sunsets and sunrises usually have great lighting conditions where there is a bright background, and it is possible to get the correct camera settings to get that perfect silhouette shot.
🎞️ Silhouette Images
Take a look at the picture below. It is a picture of a rock hill and a bird blackened out during an evening sunset. Even though you cannot see details of the bird, you can still tell that it is a bird by the shape of the black area.
This silhouette was achieved by taking the light reading of the sunset in the background, not the darker area in the foreground. Silhouettes only work when the background is a lot lighter than the foreground. That’s why sunsets and the golden hour are the perfect opportunities for capturing silhouettes.
This next picture is an example of mountains and trees creating beautiful silhouettes as the sun is setting behind them. The low angle of the sun helps make this entire scene magical.
✨ Steps on How to Take a Silhouette Photo
Step 1. Choose a Subject
First, choose a subject. The subject you choose should stand out when it is blacked out. A strong, recognizable shape will make the silhouette more interesting.
Step 2. Find a Light Source
Next, find the right light source. A strong light source behind your subject is essential for creating a silhouette photograph. Sunsets and sunrises are great for silhouettes.
Step 3. Turn Off the Flash
Then, turn off your camera’s flash. If you were to use a flash, it would defeat the purpose of a silhouette as it would light up your subject in the foreground, thus not blacking it out.
Step 4. Set to Manual Mode
Set your camera to manual mode to control your exposure settings to underexpose the subject.
Step 6. Set the Exposure
Take your light reading and set the exposure. Remember to expose the picture from the lightest part of the light source using a small aperture and a faster shutter speed.
Step 5. Focus
Focus on the outline of your subject to get a well-defined and recognizable shape.
Step 7. Take the Picture
Finally, us the shutter button to snap the picture!
📋 Easy Tips
- Make sure there is a strong light source behind your subject. Examples are the sun, an artificial light such as a lamp, and in front of a window.
- You will want a sharp focus on the silhouette subjects. Focus on the edge of the subject to make sure you get a sharp outline of the dark silhouette.
- Use manual mode on your digital cameras. Because creating a silhouette image requires underexposure of the subject, using manual mode will allow you to control the exposure settings.
- Start with a small aperture (high depth of field) and a fast shutter speed.
- Experiment with different angles. Shooting at a lower angle will emphasize the size of the dark shape, while shooting at a higher angle you will be able to capture interesting shapes and patterns in the scene below.
🌄 Basics of Silhouette Photography
📷 A silhouette effect is a popular technique used in portrait, landscape, and wildlife photography. It captures a black shape against a bright background.
👩👧👦 Silhouette photography is great for portrait photography because it can create a unique and dramatic effect.
🌅 Silhouette photography is a great way to capture stunning sunsets and sunrises in landscape photography.
🐦 It’s also great in wildlife photography because it can capture animals in their natural habitat.
💡 Silhouettes create striking images that emphasize shape and composition.
Overall, by learning how to take a silhouette photo you will be take powerful, striking, and unique artistic images. It is a good idea to use a digital camera rather than a film camera so you can do a lot of experimentation and practice when first learning this technique.
📌 More Silhouette Ideas
Do you want to learn how to take more silhouette pictures? Try this idea of your subject in front of a glowing Christmas Tree. Click the following guide to learn how.
🎉 Have you Taken any Silhouette Photos?
Please share your silhouette photos in the comments below! I would love to see how they turned out!
📜 About the Photographer
I started out using 35mm point and shoot cameras, then upgraded to a 35mm DSL camera, and then finally came the world of digital DSL cameras. Gone are the days of having to wait for your film to be developed to see what you captured. Photography has never been so much fun!